Technology is a systematic process which is completely a blessing of science and engineering. The use of technology is everywhere in our daily lives to make it easy and smooth. Different problems and complexity related to the division of labour indulges the development of technology which results in corporate empowerment. Technology has a great impact on different business operations irrespective of the size of it. Though technological infrastructure has benefits causing growth and development of the company it has an adverse effect on the culture, and relationships of a business. This essay sheds a light on how increasing complexity in the labour division is influencing technological development. This also highlights the facts such as the impact of developing technology on corporate power.
The division of labour is about separating a task in different subdivisions so that the participants can develop their efficiency in that particular field of work (McAfee et al. 2016, p.139). This division of labour mainly developed during the industrial revolution. Workers have to perform a same, single and limited task repeatedly in the division of labour. This helps them to gain extra efficiency in that particular task without any kind of training. Hence the division of labour in industrial field generates a good number of productive but unskilled workers who are specialised in a particular part of a task. The impact of the division of labour on the area of business can be easily interpreted by considering the manner in which it works in some specific manufacturing process. For instance, one man draws out a wire, another makes it straight, the third one cuts it, forth one point it and the last one grinds it. This, on the whole, is called the division of labour where a single task is divided into different distinct subtasks. According to Baldwin (2016, p.249) by doing a task days after days a worker develops an immense efficiency in doing that particular job gradually.
Workers get much more interested to discover easy and ready methods to attain a particular task. At first, those were the inventions of common workmen who were employed in a very simple and particular job used their whole mindset up to find out the way to make their work easier. However, as the market demand increased hugely there evolved a need to supply on a large scale. It is nearly impossible to meet the demand level if someone is doing the work manually. However, to serve the demand, there was a need for application of technology in the field of industrial production.
Goby (2016, p.130) opines that not only to fulfil the market demand but also there are several factors due to which the division of labour is replaced by various technologies. The production rate gets negatively impacted if the industry runs by the human labours only as they perform every task manually. The use of technology can make a person to do the same work in such a short time in comparison with the time taken by the labours to do it manually. Hence to reduce the consumed time to perform a particular task can easily be done by the application of technology. Nowadays everything is moving fast and everyone has a shortage of time due to this fast lifestyle. That is why to spend such a huge time in a small task is not worthy when it can be done easily and quickly as well with the help of technology.
Another huge issue related to this division of labour is the accuracy of the job. Manually no one can bring profound accuracy and perfection which a machine can bring. Hence performing a task with the help of technology is more error-free.
Use of machines directly reduces the need for employing workers. The company only needs to buy a machine and then the salaries which were supposed to be paid to workers come to the organisation as a profit. Themelis (2017, p.27) stated that, as machines do not need an allowance like human labours, this makes them cost effective as well. Thus by replacing human labour by machines, organisation reduces its cost of production.
The efficiency of all the workers is not the same. Some of them are unskilled and not efficient. Replacing them with the machines is beneficial for the company. Machines can perform the certain task more efficiently and accurately than human labours. Machines make it more efficient when the time is a limiting factor and the quantity of the work is huge.
Machines never get exhausted. In contradiction to human labour, machines can work for the whole day long without getting tired. For example, a lift can work twenty-four hours a day without getting tired and this efficiency makes it appropriate for the use in buildings.
Machines produce the good of same quality throughout which is not possible for the human labours. Thus if someone goes for quality check, testing one product will be enough.
Another advantage is machines are not vulnerable to corruption. That is why to reduce corruption from the entry level organisations are replacing human labour by machines.
Machines are not capable to replace human labours in the areas where there is a need to think and react accordingly to the changing situations. On the other hand, there is the worst side of the implementation of technology by replacing human labour is unemployment (Ceci et al. 2016, p.127). As the demands for labours are decreasing gradually a huge number of workers are losing their jobs. Due to huge dependency on technology the valuation of education is reduced. As nowadays tasks can be easily done with the help of technology so there is no more need for trained educated efficient people that much. This results in the unemployment of qualified people also.
The technological revolution has a great impact on the development and expansion of an organisation or a company. Business can achieve all the goals and objectives with the help of technology. Technology improves the rate of production and efficiency. The technological revolution gave such power and importance, that implementation of modern technology has made some European trading companies global (Brynjolfsson et al. 2015, p.8). Use of different computer software and hardware technologies had become unavoidable to the current economy. Whatever the size of the business it is, the application of technology will have a great constructive influence on it. Starting from trading to transportation technology has made it effective. Application of technology can make every simple thing polished and systematic. It has a great effect on developing business operations. Application of technology helps the organisation to make money and meet up the customer’s expectations by fulfilling their demands.
Most importantly, with the use of technology the ability of an organisation to communicate with their customers develops. In the recent business market, it is much needed for an organisation to communicate with its employees. Official websites enable customers to give their feedback and also allows them to find answers to their queries. Better communication also helps in developing the better image in the public market. Technologies help an organisation to gather information about their customers and also about their needs. Similarly, with the help of technologies, a customer can have information about the availability and quality of the product he or she needs.
Use of technology increases the efficiency of an operation (Weaver et al. 2017, p.75). The implementation of technology can help the employees to save time and cost by having conversations over the internet instead of face to face meetings.
Technology can bring a dynamic change as the employees from different locations can interact among themselves by using technology. Hence using technology good and effective coordination can be made among the employees of an organisation.
According to Hemmann (2017, p.65), nowadays most of the business goes through different security threats and defacements. All the financial and confidential data and important information of an organisation can be protected with the help of technology. The information about upcoming projects can be securely kept by using different technologies. Other proprietary information can also be kept safe with the help of technologies for competitive advantages.
The business operation will have success if the strategies are made after market research. These unique strategies will keep the company a step ahead from the other competitors and for a thorough research technological capacity is needed.
Thus based on the aforementioned section, it can be concluded that technology and its application have gone to a prominent position in the current years. Use of technology is mainly concerned about making the work easier and decreases the requirement for employing people. This leads to the reduction of the need for human labour. People are losing their jobs and being unemployed as they have been replaced by machines. Using machines have some advantages also like they are faster, more accurate and efficient. Implementation of advanced technologies enables the organisation to meet its target. On the other hand, the application of technology in different business fields ensures the growth and development of it.
Baldwin, R.,( 2016). The great convergence. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Brynjolfsson, E. and McAfee, A., (2015). Will humans go the way of horses. Foreign Aff., 94, p.8.
Ceci, F. and Prencipe, A.,( 2016). Division of Labour, Supplier Relationships, and Knowledge Integration. Managing Knowledge Integration Across Boundaries, p.106.
Goby, V.P.,(2016). A very short, fairly interesting and reasonably cheap book about studying organization, By Christopher Grey. London: Sage, 2013, i–xviii+ 166pp.,£ 14.99, ISBN 978-1-4462-0736-9. Journal of Management & Organization, 22(1), pp.130-132.
Herrmann, P., (2017). The Limits to Cheating History: Changing the Reference for Accounting. The International Journal of Social Quality, 7(1), pp.53-72.
Malthus, T.R., 2018. An essay on the principle of population as it affects the future improvement of society. In The Economics of Population (pp. 41-50). Abingdon: Routledge
McAfee, A. and Brynjolfsson, E., (2016). Human work in the robotic future: Policy for the age of automation. Foreign Aff., 95, p.139.
Mullen, E., (2016). Exploring the processual nature of Human Resources Graduate Employability (HRGE): a line manager perspective.
Themelis, S., (2017), December. Degrees of precariousness: the problematic transition into the labour market of Greek higher education graduates. In Forum Sociológico. Série II (No. 31). CESNOVA.
Weaver, P., Jansen, L., Van Grootveld, G., Van Spiegel, E. and Vergragt, P., (2017). Sustainable technology development. Abingdon: Routledge.
Looking for Human Resource Assignment Help. Whatsapp us at +16469488918 or chat with our chat representative showing on lower right corner or order from here. You can also take help from our Live Assignment helper for any exam or live assignment related assistance.