Utilization of Dose Response Data are Utilized for Risk Assessment



Assume the role of an environmental safety expert who is presenting to a group of undergraduate college students about the application of toxicology in the field of environmental health and safety. Your presentation should addressthe following key points.
◾Explain how dose-response data are utilized for risk assessment.
◾Discuss the relationship between risk assessment and risk management.
◾Identify and explain how at least three fields of toxicology contribute toareas of environmental safety and health.
◾Research and discuss one current event (within the last six to eightmonths) that exemplified the relationship between toxicology and environmental safety and health





  • Human interference in natural phenomenon has been altering imbalance of ecosystem that leads to extinction of different organisms.

  • Increasing use toxic substances both in industrial and agriculture releases numerous toxic substances that harm both environment and its living components.

  • The current study focuses on several aspects of technology in order to illuminate concepts regarding sustainable management of several toxicological aspects.

Due to human interferences like agriculture and industrial production, balance fir ecosystem and its living as well as non living components are immensely affected. Current study highlights several aspects of toxicological management to develop sustainable environment.

Utilization of dose response data in risk assessment

  • Dose response assesses degree of critical hazardous condition of a substance (Carvalho, 2017).

  • Dose response data helps to address dose necessary for production of particular effect of interest.

  • Quantitative data regarding a specific dose and corresponding responses are evaluated.

Dose response data helps to assess amount of hazardous substances to target organism or target organ.

Relation between risk assessment and risk management

  • Risk management refers to the decision making process that helps to develop strategies to reduce risks to a bearable level

  • Risk assessment risk assessment identifies as well as quantified amount of risk that result from use of physical or chemical agent (Carvalho, 2017).

  • Risk assessment determines factors that are hazardous and also determines level of unacceptability against toxic exposure

These risk management involves consideration of political, social, economic and engineering factors. Risk management determines factors to reduce risks to a bearable way where risk assessment is associated with determining amount of risk for a particular substance.


  • Risk assessment generally addresses defined limit of exposure that is developed on the basis of toxicity tests under specific conditions.

  • Industrial context, risk management is comprised of three steps- risk assessment, control of emission and exposure and monitoring risk (Frumkin, 2016).

  • Risk management refers to consideration of factors that reduces exposure to toxic substances where risk assessment identification of potential toxic chemical and their degree of effects on environment and its components.

Risk assessment identifies potential toxic substance and their degree of harm where risk management helps to understand factors that give rise to risk of health and safety of environment.

Different field of toxicology and their impacts on environmental health and safety

Environment toxicology

  • It refers to the branch of toxicology that deals with assessing presence of different toxic substances in environment and their effect on human and animals.

  • Environment toxicology assesses and monitors of toxic substances that are added to environment through industrial and agricultural practices.

  • Thus this field of study helps to eradicate environment degrading materials as well as reduce their effect (Matthews, 2015).

With assessment and monitoring of toxic substances that are added to environment through human interventions, adverse effects of these substances can be reduced.

Industrial toxicology

  • In industrial toxicology that studies effects of chemical wastes on human and its environment helps to develop ways to control these effects on health and safety of environment.

  • It helps to regulate industries in terms of releasing toxic substances and their processing (Carvalho, 2017).

  • It plays major [role in order to develop safe and effective products that includes petrochemicals, pesticides, medicines and household substances.

Industrial toxicology dwells with management for reducing release of toxic substances from industries. In this context, monitoring and assessment of them helps to understand impacts of these molecules. Production of pesticides, petrochemicals, medicines and household substances are needed to be monitored for reduction in release of toxic materials in environment.

Applied toxicology

  • Applied toxicology refers to scientific procedures and principles that are utilized to determine physiological effect or safety regarding an administered product.

  • It helps to maintain a healthy and sustainable environment through implementing advanced and modern technologies for early detection of toxicants in environment.

  • In applied toxicology, results obtained from laboratory experiments are analyzed in order to develop strategies that enable to reduce application as well as effects of toxic substances practice area or field setting (Carvalho, 2017).

Main objective to develop sustainable and healthy environment applied toxicology through reducing addition of potent toxic substances facilitates to develop ideas regarding safety of administered substances.

Relation of toxicology with environmental health and safety

  • Toxicology helps to maintain a steady environment through management and assessment.

  • Toxicology illustrates mechanisms that analyze and assess hazardous substances and their chemical nature in respect to their effect on environmental condition.

  • Increasing human interventions increases demand for toxicological analysis of a substance before its utilization (Matthews, 2015).

Toxicology is field of study that assesses as well as manages toxic substances and their impacts on environment health and safety.


  • Toxicology is a field of study that determines hazardous substances in order to manage them up to a bearable way.

  • Risk assessment and risk management provides transparent ideas regarding identification of to civic substances as well as their effects on environmental health and safety.

  • Protection and sustainable development of environmental health helps to conserve nature and its components.

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